A Survey of Middle and Upper Elementary School Students’ Knowledge of Cloud Computing


  • Mitsuhiro Watanabe Kagoshima Women's College
  • Kazuki Mitsui University of Yamanashi
  • Kazunori Sato Shinshu University
  • Taku Kawada Sendai Shirayuri Gakuen Elementary School
  • Toru Nagahama Tohoku University
  • Tatsuya Horita Tohoku University




Knowledge of cloud computing, Japanese elementary school, Middle and upper elementary school students, One-to-one devices


In this study, a questionnaire was administered to middle and upper elementary school students to evaluate their cloud computing knowledge to obtain suggestions for instructional strategies to understand and promote the utilization of cloud computing. Pictures and sentences explaining cloud computing were evaluated based on the evaluation criteria developed from the points of view proposed by Mitsui et al. As a result, we found that some viewpoints were easy to understand, and some were difficult to understand. Overall, we found that the general level of cloud computing knowledge acquisition was low. In addition, the upper grades were not necessarily more proficient, and there were differences between classes. In addition, we analyzed the relationship between the students’ cloud computing knowledge and the teacher’s experience. As a result, students whose homeroom teachers had limited experience and students whose homeroom teachers had extensive experience teaching students to utilize one-to-one devices were more likely to have acquired knowledge of cloud computing.


Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Information and Communica-tions in Japan White Paper 2022 https://www.soumu.go.jp/johotsusintokei/whitepaper/eng/WP2022/2022-index.html, (accessed 2023.10.01).

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, “National Cur-riculum Standard for the Elementary School,” https://www.mext.go.jp/content/20230120-mxt_kyoiku02-100002604_01.pdf , 2017, (accessed 2023.10.01).

T. Horita, K. Sato, K. Mitsui and M. Watanabe, Diary of GIGA School’s First Time, Sakura-Sha, 2021.

J. Takahashi, Digital Transformation of Class for the First Time – Improving Classes through Utilization of Chromebooks and Google Workspace for Education, Toyo-kan Publishing Co, Ltd., 2021.

P. A. Ertmer and A. T. Ottenbreit-Leftwich, “Teacher Technology Change: How Knowledge, Confidence, Beliefs and Culture Intersect,” Journal of Research on Technology in Education, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 255-284, 2010.

H. Kuromkami, “The Perspective on the Placement of Information Education in Elementary School Curriculum,” Journal of Educational Media Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 47-57, 2012.

K. Okubo, K. Sato, S. Itagaki, K. Mitsui, Y. Taizan and T. Horita, “Effect of Learning Sequence on the Attitude of Third-Grade Elementary School Students toward Proactive Use of the Cloud,” Journal of Educational Media Research, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 57-69, 2023.

K. Mitsui, K. Okubo, K. Sato, S. Itagaki, Y, Taizan and T. Horita, “A Survey on the Image of Cloud Computing among Elementary School Students and University Students,” Computers & Education, vol. 52, pp. 54-59, 2022.

M. Watanabe, K. Mitsui, K. Sato and T. Horita, “Survey of Elementary School Students on Their Knowledge of ‘the Cloud’,” Transactions of the Society for Japan Association for Educational Media Study, vol. 52, pp. 60-63, 2022.

M. Watanabe, T. Kawada, T. Nagahama, K. Mitsui, K. Sato and T. Horita, “Dis-cussion and Piloting of a Rubric to Evaluate Students’ Knowledge of Cloud Com-puting,” Transactions of the Society for Japan Association for Educational Media Study, vol. 54, pp. 15-20, 2023.